Khewra city is God gifted With the 2 largest salt mine. khewra salt mine is located in jhelum,punjab Pakistan. town is set regarding two hundred kilometres from capital of Pakistan and 245 kilometres fromtown of city.
Khewra Salt Mines ar set 945 feet on prime of water level. The mountains containing Khewra Salt Mines ar a part of mineral-richrange of mountains known as Salt vary. Total length of Salt vary is three hundred kilometres , extending from Beganwala close to stream Jhelum to Kalabagh close to stream Sindh. dimension of Salt vary varies between eight kilometres to thirtykilometres.
Khewra Salt Mine could be a extremely popular holidaymaker attraction with nearly 250,000 guests annually. There ar manycreative carvings of salt stones placed in numerous areas of Khewra Salt Mines for amusement of tourists. there’s an electricaltrain out there to require guests within the mine. it’s told that engine of this train belongs to 1930. Male and feminine guides arout there to guide tourists regarding the Khewra Salt Mines.
There ar many tiny ponds of thick salty water in numerous areas of mine. once light-weight is projected on the liquid in these pools it’s refracts and produces totally different colours that look terribly lovely. preferred carvings of salt stone among touristsar a reproduction of Minar-e-Pakistan created with colourful salt bricks, a model of the nice Wall of China, a sculpture of national writer Allama Muhammad Iqbal, an attractive house of worship created of colourful bricks of salt stone, a model of Sheesh Mahal created of pink salt bricks, and a model of Mall Road of Murree.
There is restaurant for guests that meet immediate refreshment desires. There are 2 memento retailers giving decorationitems and lamps created of salt stones of Khewra Salt Mines. within the mine could be a tunnel named crystal vale by tourists.it’s a tunnel with shining salt crystal within the roof and walls light by vibrant lights. There ar some rooms within the Khewra Salt Mines that were well-mined throughout the Mughal times.
History of Khewra Salt Mines:
|326 BC||Salt was discovered by the licking of out crop salt by the horses of Alexander The Great’s army who was here to fight a battle against Raja Porus.|
|1500 AD||ASP Khan native leader of Khewra educated Akbar the nice regarding existence of salt deposit in Khewra. Mining was started by the orders of King Akbar.|
|1809||Sikhs confiscate the Khewra Salt Mines from Mughals|
|1849||British ruler confiscate the salt mines.|
|1853||Aspiring of drinkable water discovered and sent to Khewra through a wood tunnel.|
|1856||Motorable road was set down between Khewra and P.D. Khan.|
|1872||Dr. Warth 1st Chief engineer surveyed whole mines and introduced scientific mining system.He set out main tunnel at ground level.|
|1886-87||Railway Bridge (Victoria) was created over the stream Jhelum between the junction Malikwal and Khewra.|
|1889-90||Salt production crossed fifty,000 Metric Tonnes.|
|1902||Hospital established to produce medical facilities to miners and employees of the Khewra Salt Mines.|
|1914||The production was reached fifty,000 Metric Tonnes.|
|1918||Two steam engines were employed in the mines for carriage of halite.|
|1924-25||Power House with 2 Diesel electrical Generating sets, five hundred power unit were put in.|
|1932||Chain cutter machines were foreign.|
|1933||Automatic loading plant was put in.|
|1971||Khewra Salt Mines were changed to WPIDC.|
|1974||PDMC (Pakistan Mining Development Corporation) confiscate the mines from PIDC.|
|1998||Minning tub system changed to tractor tram system.|
|2002||Khewra Salt Mines holidaymaker Resort established.|
|2003||Inauguration of Khewra holidaymaker Resort.|
|2005||Khewra respiratory disease Clinic was established|
|2010||Renovation of Khewra holidaymaker Resort.|
Rock Salt Properties Khewra Salt Mines:
|Chemical Name||Sodium Chloride NaCl|
|Sulphate||Usually includes traces of atomic number 12 Chloride (MgCl2), atomic number 12 sulfate (MgSO4), salt (CaSO4),chloride (KCl) and atomic number 12 Bromide (MgBr2)|
|Common Use||Seasoning agent, preservation of food and edible purpose.|
|Salt||Derived from the Latin word “Salarium” which suggests pay, it served as Egyptian deity in ancient African nation andSitsang.|
|Industrial Uses|| |
|Chlorine Compounds||Hydrochloric Acid, Chloroform, Carbon characid Chloride, bleaching agent.|
|Sodium Compounds||Na Carbonate, sulfate, bicarbonate i.e sodium hydrogen carbonate.|
|Uses||Preservations for meats, Refrigeration method in coloring, producing of soap and glass, Salt Crystal are employed instudy of infrared radiations.|
jhelum could be a District and town of geographic region, Pakistan. Jhelum town is that the district headquarter. it’s in northern geographic region on the bank of the stream Jhelum and at GT Road.
One will reach Jhelum from capital of Pakistan or city via GT Road.