Nanga Parbat is the second-highest mountain of Pakistan. It is in Gilgit Baltistan, between Chilas and Astore. Nanga Parbat means Naked Mountain in Urdu. It is the ninth highest peak in the world, at 26,660 feet (8,130 m) high. In 1953, an Austrian Germannamed Hermann Buhl was the first to climb it.
Nanga Parbat is in the west of the Himalayas, and is the most western of the mountains higher than eight thousand meters. It lies just south of the Indus River, in the Astore District of the Northern Areas in the region of Kashmir. Not far to the north is the western end of the Karakoram mountains.
Nanga Parbat is the highest peak in the Nanga Parbat Range. The range covers an area of 120 mi (190 km) in length and 12 to 24 mi (19 to 39 km) in width. In the east it joins the Pir Panjal Range.
The steep incline of its peak that rises above the ground far below make Nanga Parbat a difficult and dangerous climb. Many deaths in the mid and early 20th century gave it the nickname of “killer mountain”.
Nanga Parbat has always been associated with tragedies and tribulations until it was climbed in 1953. A lot of mountaineers have perished on Nanga Parbat since 1895. Even today it is claiming a heavy toll of human lives for, the mountaineers, in search of adventure and thrill, are becoming its victims in pursuit of their eagerness to find new and absolutely un-climbed routes leading to its summit.
It was in 1841 that a huge rock-slide from the Nanga Parbat dammed the Indus river. This created a huge lake, 55 km long, like the present Tarbela lake down-stream. The flood of water that was released when the dam broke caused a rise of 80 ft in the river’s 3 level at Attock and swept away an entire Sikh army. It was also in the middle of the nineteenth century that similar catastrophes were later caused by the damming of Hunza and Shyok rivers.
The Nanga Parbat peak was discovered in the nineteenth century by Europeans. The Schlagintweit brothers, who hailed from Munich (Germany) came in 1854 to Himalayas and drew a panoramic view which is the first known picture of Nanga Parbat. In 1857 one of them was murdered in Kashgar.
View on the flight from Islamabad to Skardu showing the enormity of Nanga Parbat as you fly past the Diamir and Raikot Faces
|Elevation||8,126 m (26,660 ft)|
|Location||Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan Nanga Parbat lies approx 27km west-southwest of Astore district, in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan|